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The following links and documents may be of interest to individuals who are involved with the Bacteria Implementation Group. Much of this information has been provided by BIG stakeholders. H-GAC does not necessarily support or endorse these, but is providing this information for reference purposes.
See pages 29 & 37. Bacteria testing is required for permit application
See page 2-1 (Worksheet 2.0)
TCEQ Bacteria Effluent Limitations Guidance about E.coli Monitoring Requirements in Domestic Wastewater Permits issued under the Texas Pollutants Discharge Elimination System (TPDES). Shows how the TCEQ arrives at the monitoring frequency for bacteria.
A violations are sent straight to enforcement, "B"s must be documented twice before enforcement action is taken, and "C"s may or may not be sent to enforcement after being documented 3 times in a five year period. This document can be revised at any time.
E.coli Limits and Monitoring Requirements for Bacteria in Domestic Wastewater Permits issued under the Texas Pollutants Discharge Elimination System (TPDES).
Rob Donofrio, Director of Microbiology, NSF International; Trent Martin, Harris County, Watershed Protection Group; Paul Jackson, Program Development Manager, NSF International, March 11, 2009Almost every stream in Harris County is listed by the EPA as impaired due to high E. coli levels. Data shows that adding up bacteria loads from all the sources offlow into the stream did not come close to approximating the amount of bacteria that we see in the stream.
Link is to a H-GAC webpage which provides LID resources, LID tool box, and LID Benefits. LID Guide is a downloadable document (New guide) which explains LID functions, benefits, best management practices, and ways to overcome obstacles to implementation.
EPA's handbook for TMDL practitioners and permit writers on current methods being used to develop more detailed stormwater-source TMDL allocations, TMDL implementation plans including best management practices, and methods for translating TMDL allocations into NPDES stormwater permit requirements.
EPA's Stormwater Resources web section. With the expansion of NDPES Stormwater regulations to smaller municipalities and smaller construction activities, there has been increasing demand for more detailed quantification of stormwater allocations in TMDLs that are more useful for implementation in NDPES permits.
American Rivers and Midwest Environmental Advocates, September 2008A report to help you protect clean water and healthy streams in your community.
EPA NPSInfo Discussion, February 2009, Pilot study on a grease "multiceptor"
EPA NPDES News, November 17, 2008On October 31, 2008, EPA finalized a rule helping to protect the nation's water quality by requiring concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) to safely manage manure.
Managing the amount, source, placement, form and timing of the application of plant nutrients and soil amendments
Forestry BMPs are a set of guidelines that involve the application of conservation practices that effectively prevent or minimize the amount of nonpoint source pollution (NPS) generated during forestry operations.
May 19 presentation by TCEQ's Lori Hamilton regarding UAA procedures and the Buffalo and Whiteoak Bayou UAA
In 2007, as part of the MS4 Permit Renewal process, EPA Region 6 requested the JTF MS4 co-permittees to include an Interim Bacteria Reduction Plan (IBRP) in the Storm Water Management Program (SWMP).
Bacteria Reduction Plan, as approved by the County Commissioners and informally by EPA. This was developed after many hours of meetings, brainstorming sessions, and discussion by many groups both within and outside of Harris County.
Excerpted relevant portions from the Harris County Bacteria Reduction Plan as a possible model for the BIG Residential Workgroup.
Harris County's adjusted version of the Draft Interim Bacteria Reduction Plan for the BIG, information divided up by BIG workgroups.
States Join E.P.A. Study of Pathogens in Ohio RiverBy Bob Driehaus, January 21, 2009, The New York Times, New York, NY The analysis, which officials plan to finish next year, will identify how much bacteria can discharge into the river without exceeding safety standards.
Can Stormwater BMPs Remove Bacteria?By Jane Clary, Jonathan Jones, Ben Urbonas, Marcus Quigley, Eric Strecker, and Todd Wagner, May/June 2008, Stormwater Magazine, Santa Barbara, CAThis paper provides a brief background regarding bacteria in urban runoff, summarizes the bacteria data available in the BMP Database, provides analysis results and suggests how these findings may affect the selection and design of BMPs to assist in meeting TMDL goals. The underlying data set used in this analysis can be downloaded from the BMP Database website at: http://www.bmpdatabase.org/
American Rivers Has Released Local Water Policy Innovation (HTM) By Gary Belan, Director of Healthy Waters Campaign American River, October 27, 2008, River News, Washington, D.C.Local Water Policy Innovation is a road map for community based stormwater solutions, a report to help you protect clean water and healthy streams in your community.
CAFO Final Rule and WebcastNicos Singelis, November 17, 2008, Office of Wastewater Management, US EPA, EPA NPDES News, Washington, D.C.On October 31, 2008, EPA finalized a rule helping to protect the nation's water quality by requiring concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) to safely manage manure.
Keeping it RealBy Jill Moon, March 12, 2009, The Telegraph, Alton, ILWater watchdog Mike Bush takes preserving and protecting the Mississippi River seriously. So seriously that the retiree became a St. Louis Confluence Riverkeeper who watches rivers full-time. Not only does Bush of Richmond Heights, Mo., cover the St. Louis confluence but also the confluence of the Mississippi and Illinois rivers. Bush is the executive director of the newly formed St. Louis Confluence Riverkeeper organization.
Group Hopes to Reduce Bacteria in Creeksby Suzanne Jacobson, April 10, 2009, Payson Roundup, Payson, AZBacteria has been seeping into the Tonto and Christopher Creeks through generations of cesspools and failed sewer systems, among other things, and a group is forming to help clean the water.
Pasadena City Council Awards Contract to Coastal Testing LaboratoriesBy Ashley Ayala, April 10, 2009, Guidry News, Galveston, TXPasadena City Council on Tuesday voted unanimously to award a contract of $4,785 to Coastal Testing Laboratories, Inc. for professional services to be rendered in connection with testing for the Richey Road Trunk Sewer Rehabilitation - Phase I Project.
Farmers Cite Concerns of Impact of Watershed Plan on AgricultureSusan Redden, April 23, 2009, The Joplin Globe, Carthage, MOFarmers may not have been the largest group in numbers, but they were vocal on Thursday night in raising concerns that agricultural interests might be the target of a watershed management plan for Spring River. About 50 people attended a gathering at the Carthage Vo-Tech School to discuss concerns about the condition of Spring River in Carthage and what might be done to improve the quality of the water.
Input Sought on Spring River's E-Coli ProblemsMichele Skalicky, April 23, 2009, KSMU Ozarks Public Radio, Springfield, MOResidents along parts of the Spring River in and around Carthage are being asked to provide input to help clean up the waterway.
Going to the HogsBy Angelina Joiner, April 4, 2009, Abilene Reporter-News, Abilene, TXWildlife Services working to reduce water pollution by feral hogs. Feral hogs are polluting watersheds with pathogenic E. coli, according to recent studies
Symposium Tackles Malibu's Water Quality IssuesOlivia Damavandi, May 6, 2009, The Malibu Times, Malibu, CAAfter recently issuing notices of wastewater discharge permit violations to more than 30 Malibu businesses and public facilities in the Civic Center area, the Los Angeles Regional Water Quality Control Board took part in the Malibu Water Quality Symposium last Thursday to discuss the latest in septic system regulations and water quality technology in Southern California.
Swimmers Warned of Bacteria at Sunset HarborShelby Sebens, May 6, 2009, Star News Online, Wilmington, NCThe N.C. Department of Environment and Natural Resources has issued two swimming advisories in Brunswick County.
Testimony of Lisa P. Jackson, Administrator US EPABetsaida Alcantara, May 12, 2009, News Release, US EPA, Washington, D.C.Testimony of Lisa P. Jackson, Administrator, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Hearing on EPA’s 2010 Budget Proposal Environment and Public Works Committee United States Senate (As prepared for delivery) The testimony can also be accessed from the EPA website
Cleanup Efforts Make Difference at BeachesBy Mike Lee, May 21, 2009, The San Diego Union-Tribune, San Diego, CAAt the start of the decade, runoff from the heavily developed watershed of Cottonwood Creek routinely fouled Moonlight Beach in Encinitas with bacteria. The beach's fortunes have improved after the city built a facility to capture creek flows, kill the bacteria with ultraviolet radiation and then send the processed water to the beach.
New Plan Targets Pollution at Branchport CreekBy Daniel Howley, May 21, 2009, The Hub, Freehold, NJSince 2006, the Branchport Creek has been off limits to recreational use by residents due to high levels of fecal bacteria deposited into the waterway by Monmouth Park.
Belle Isle Water Pollution Levels Cause ConcernBy Jim Lynch, May 21, 2009, The Detroit News, Detroit, MIThere are no state laws requiring regular testing of public beaches, however some government agencies clearly give monitoring for E.coli bacteria a higher priority than others.
Unsafe Sewage Levels in Canal Bacteria Count High in GowanusBy Erin Durkin, June 11, 2009, New York Daily News, New York, NYNew tests have found sky-high levels of a bacteria found in human waste in the Gowanus Canal. Water quality tests conducted by Riverkeeper, a self-described "environmental neighborhood watch program," late last month found levels of enterococcus up to 17,329 cells per 100 milliliters.
New Online Feral Hog Reporting Tool to Help with Plum Creek Watershed Water QualityBy Paul Schattenberg, June 3, 2009, AgNews, Texas A&M Agrilife News and Public Affairs, College Station, TXThe Texas AgriLife Extension Service has developed an online system to report feral hog activity that may be affecting water quality in the Plum Creek Watershed area.
From the Ashes of '69, a River Reborn By Christopher Maag, June 20, 2009, The New York Times, New York, NYThe first time Gene Roberts fell into the Cuyahoga River, he worried he might die. The year was 1963, and the river was still an open sewer for industrial waste.
Contact with Beach Sand among Beachgoers and Risk of IllnessBy Christopher Heaney et al., June 18, 2009, American Journal of Epidemiology,Cary, NCRecent studies of beach sand fecal contamination have triggered interest among scientists and in the media. Although evidence shows that beach sand can harbor high concentrations of fecal indicator organisms, as well as fecal pathogens, illness risk associated with beach sand contact is not well understood.
What Science Says About Beach Sand and Stomach AchesBy Richard L. Whitman and Diane Noserale, August 10, 2009 News Release,US Geological Survey, Reston, VABy washing your hands after digging in beach sand, you could greatly reduce your risk of ingesting bacteria that could make you sick. In new research, scientists have determined that, although beach sand is a potential source of bacteria and viruses, hand rinsing may effectively reduce exposure to microbes that cause gastrointestinal illnesses.
Breaking Ground with a $1.6 Billion Plan to Tame WaterBy Sandy Bauers, Alliance for Community Trees, October 5, 2009, College Park, MD Philadelphia has announced a $1.6 billion plan to transform the city over the next 20 years by embracing its stormwater- instead of hustling it down sewers and into rivers as fast as possible. The proposal, which several experts called the nation's most ambitious, reimagines the city as an oasis of rain gardens, green roofs, thousands of additional trees, porous pavement, and more.
TCEQ Water Quality Advisory Workgroup, January 20, 2009Topic: Update on Barton and Onion Creek Stakeholder Group, Permit UpdatesTCEQ Drinking Water Advisory Group, January 20, 2009
TCEQ Bacteria Limits Rule Project Stakeholder Group, January 23, 2009Discussion of rulemaking that resulted from the TCEQ's agreement with the EPA to add E. coli or Enterococcus effluent limits to TPDES permits that cover domestic wastewater and industrial wastewater with a domestic component. Will include phase-in strategies, bacteria testing hold times, availabilty of certified laboratories, variances.
Informing the Risk-Based Framework for Recreational Waters:Quantification of Microbial Pathogens and Indicators from Various Sources Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF), RFP PATH1R08 , October 2008WERF was seeking expert assistance in understanding and addressing critical short- and longer-term research needs with respect to wastewater- and stormwater-borne microbes, risk assessment, and public health, especially as such research pertains to the science behind EPA’s current recreational water quality criteria and the pending criteria update.
Pathogens and Human HealthWater Environment Research Foundation (WERF)and US EPA will hold a Workshop on waterborne pathogens in inland waters in 2009. The workshop is being organized through WERF's Pathogens and Human Health Program and EPA's Office of Water. Twenty experts have been invited to meet for three days in February 2009 to address research gaps and priorities regarding waterborne pathogens in recreational waters.
US Environmental Protection Agency: Recreational Water Quality CriteriaUS EPA is in the process of collecting input from the scientific and technical community on research and science needs to develop up-to-date, scientifically defensible criteria to protect people from exposure to contaminated recreational waters. Near-term needs were defined as specific research and science activities that could be accomplished in 2 to 3 years to support development of new or revised criteria by 2012.
EPA Critical Science Plan, August 2007The Critical Path Science Plan describes the high priority research and science that EPA intends to conduct to establish the scientific foundation for the development of new or revised recreational water quality criteria recommendations.
EPA Conducts Studies to Improve Safety of Swimming at BeachesEPA is conducting two health (epidemiological) studies to help determine when water quality is safe for swimming. These studies will be used by EPA to develop new water quality criteria. One study will be conducted at a beach in a tropical region and another study will be conducted in marine waters impacted by urban runoff in a temperate region. For more information visit: http://www.epa.gov/nheerl/neear/
Online Module - Human Health Ambient Water Quality CriteriaThe Water Quality Standards Academy Online (WQSA Online) posted its online module about human health ambient water quality criteria, called "Basic Course: Supplemental Topics" . The module introduces concepts used in the development of human health ambient water quality criteria (AWQC) and the methods for deriving these criteria, all presented in text-based information with links to further resources. More information on WQSA online is available through Bryan "Ibrahim" Goodwin (202-566-0762). More on the Water Quality Standards Academy at: http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/standards/academy.html
EPA conducted two literature reviews to help inform development of new or revised recreational water quality criteria by 2012. The first document, Review of Published Studies to Characterize Relative Risks from Different Sources of Fecal Contamination in Recreational Waters, describes the existing information available to characterize the relative risks of human illness from various sources of fecal contamination in recreational waters. The second document, Review of Zoonotic Pathogens in Ambient Water, provides a summary of information on waterborne zoonotic pathogens that come primarily from warm-blooded animals. Both documents are available on the EPA's web site.
Impaired Waters and TMDL Program Results AnalysisThe development of Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) has increased markedly in recent years and over 37,000 TMDLs have now been completed. The TMDL Program Results Analysis Project is a multi-year EPA effort directed at measuring and analyzing programmatic and environmental results from the TMDL Program.
City of Sugar Land and San Jacinto River AuthorityThe Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) has allocated financial assistance totaling $169,555,000 for water-related projects.
Catching Up: Aligning Management, Law, and Regulation with the Watershed ApproachKeynote address delivered by G. Tracy Mehan, III, Principal, Cadmus Group at the Urban Water Management 2009 Conference, March 2009, Overland Park, Kansas"...you cannot improve water quality without sustainably managing the landscape, the watershed if you will, in both the rural and urban contexts.."
Steven JohnstonSenior Planner(832) email@example.com
Houston-Galveston Area Council