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Associate at the Goodman Corporation
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City of Dayton
Director of Planning
117 Cook St,
Waco Street Extension & Reconstruction Project
From SH 321 to FM 1960
The main arteries into Dayton are US Highway 90 and FM 1960, which connect to Houston, SH 146 and FM 1409, which connect south to Galveston Bay, and SH 321, which connects north to Conroe, Shepherd and Cleveland. The Waco Street Extension and Reconstruction project will improve an existing segment of roadway and add a new roadway segment to construct a relief artery to SH 321. The project limits are from FM1960 to SH321. The project will improve circulation and provide bike and pedestrian access to Dayton High School, on SH321. (Attachment A, Project Location of Waco Street Extension and Reconstruction.)
Congestion: The TxDOT statewide planning map projects increased congestion on SH 321 along a 0.78-mile segment from CR 661 to CR 667. Consequently, TxDOT has planned to make improvements to the corridor to include intersection improvements at SH 321 and Cherry Creek Road, the entrance to the Dr. E.R. Richter Elementary School and the Dayton ISD campus. The Waco Street Extension and Reconstruction will build on these improvements to SH 321 by aligning the intersection at Tram Road to eliminate what is now a dog-leg at the entrance to the Dayton High School. This will improve the flow of traffic on SH 321 and provide an alternative entrance and exit for school and bus traffic.
The City of Dayton completed a traffic Operational Analysis to measure the current and estimated future levels of congestion. During the AM and PM peak hour in existing conditions, network intersections are operating at a LOS of A or B, except for SH 321 and FM 1960 (LOS C in AM Peak and LOS D in PM Peak); and SH 321 and Tram Road (LOS C in AM Peak). In 2025, the no build shows congestion worsening, with the intersection of SH321 and FM 1960 at LOS D in the AM peak and LOS E in the PM peak. The intersection of SH321 and Tram Road shows a LOS of D in the AM. The operational analysis demonstrates that daily peak hour delay can be reduced by 54 hours in 2025 through this project. (See Attachment B, Operational Analysis for Extending Waco St.)
Safety: Improving safety is a priority for the City. On SH 321 between Tram Road and FM 1960, there were 51 crashes in 2015; 57 crashes in 2016; and 41 crashes in 2017. Of these, seven were categorized as incapacitating and one was fatal. The fatal pedestrian crash occurred at Linney Street and three severe crashes occurred at FM 1960, Kay Street and CR 661. If funded, the City will construct a six-foot sidewalk on the east side of Waco Street, from FM 1960 to Tram Road. This will provide an alternative to SH 321 for students travelling to Dayton High School and Dr. E.R. Richter Elementary School. This project will improve safety for bicyclists and pedestrian that may otherwise use SH 321. (See Attachment C, 2015 – 2017 Severe and Fatal Crashes, City of Dayton Downtown Area).
In its existing condition, Waco Street is two-way segment between W Clayton Street and north of Mulberry Lane with one lane of travel in each direction with no storage bays at the unsignalized intersection of W Clayton Street. Waco Street dead ends north of Mulberry Lane.
This project will construct approximately 0.55-mile of new roadway and reconstruct 0.75 mile of the existing Waco Street roadway. Reconstruction will occur from FM 1960 to 645 feet north of Mulberry Lane; from this point, a new roadway will be built to connect to SH 321 at Tram Road. Waco Street is currently a two-lane asphalt roadway with a 20-foot width and open ditches. The proposed project will construct a three-lane concrete-curb and gutter roadway with a center-turn lane, a 6-foot wide sidewalk on the east side of the road, and storm water sewer improvements from FM 1960 to Norcross Lane. The section will expand to a four-lane roadway from Norcross Lane to SH 321 to accommodate school and bus traffic. The project will include reconstructed intersections with new traffic signals at SH 321 and FM 1960. (See Attachment D, Waco Street Schematic and Attachment E, Waco Street Cross Section.)
The City completed a Traffic Impact Analysis based on traffic counts collected in September 2018. The operational analysis assessed the impacts of converting Waco Street from a two-lane section that terminates north of Mulberry Lane, to a three-lane section (one lane of travel in each direction and a center turn lane) between FM 1960 (Clayton Street), and north of Norcross Lane; and to a four-lane segment (two lanes of travel in each direction) between Norcross Lane and Tram Road. To improve the network to address long-term congestion, the south intersection of Waco Street and FM 1960 will be signalized and timed with the other signal from Waco Street. The project includes the acquisition of four parcels at on the south side of FM 1960 to straighten the intersection, which is currently offset.
The analysis shows a decrease in total network delay of 32 vehicle-hours during the AM peak hour and 22 vehicle-hours during the PM peak hour for the 2025 build year. The total reduction in vehicle delay for typical weekday is 54 hours. The reduction in congestion will generate secondary benefits including a 7.52 kg daily reduction in NOx and CO, and a 90-gallon reduction in fuel consumption. (See Attachment B, Operational Analysis for Extending Waco St.)
The project will improve safety, particularly for bicyclists and pedestrians. The extension of Waco Street to SH 321 will provide an alternative to SH 321 and Between 2015 and 2017, there were 148 crashes on SH 321 between FM 1960 and Norcross Lane; one of these was a fatal pedestrian crash. By converting the existing drainage ditch to a six-foot sidewalk, the project will also provide a safer environment for pedestrians and bicyclists. (Attachment C, 2015 – 2017 Severe and Fatal Crashes, City of Dayton Downtown Area)
The project will extend the Dayton pedestrian and bicycle network. Currently, the network is discontinuous, with significant gaps affecting its overall effectiveness as an alternative transportation mode. The project will expand the bike and ped network by constructing a 6-foot sidewalk on the east side of Waco Street. In general, expanding options for biking and walking results in improved community livability, public health, and safety. (See Attachment F, Priority Pedestrian and Bicycle Corridors.)
The project will improve the roadway by replacing the asphalt with concrete pavement and open ditch with concrete curb and gutter, providing state of good repair benefits. Open ditch gutters tend to erode over time and fill with trash and other debris. While curb-and-gutter construction is more expensive, it provides benefits, one of which is the collection and conveyance of water, thus preventing water from getting under the pavement and increasing the life of the pavement. Over time, the proposed project will reduce maintenance costs for mill and overlay.
Less than $100 million
(Expand) Roadway Added Capacity/New Construction/Complete Streets
View Uploaded File: Waco Street Resolution of Support and Funding Commitment.pdf
Environmental Assessment (EA)
View Uploaded File: G_DISD Support Letter-compressed.pdf
View Uploaded File: 4_Waco St Project Timeline.xlsx
The City of Dayton Comprehensive Plan was adopted by the City Council in October 2017. The City identified the modernization of street design as goal; this was defined as curb and gutter construction, sidewalks, street lighting, signage, and enough open space for right-of-way landscaping opportunities. The Waco Street project conforms to this goal by constructing curb and gutter, and sidewalks. The Comprehensive Plan recommends the development of a Bike and Ped Master Plan, which is in alignment with the larger regional goal to develop a balanced and integrated multimodal system for auto, pedestrians, and bicyclists. The Waco Street project moves towards this goal and may provide a safe north-south backbone for a future network. The project also meets goals related to future land use by improving stormwater management infrastructure to support future development.
The Comprehensive Transportation Plan was presented to the City in October 2018. The plan focused on three areas: improve bike and ped facilities; reduce congestion in the downtown and at the Cleveland Street underpass; and identify opportunities to utilize existing funding. The Waco Street extension will address one of three goals. The City has identified Waco Street as a long-term target for complete street improvements; this project will address this goal by constructing a sidewalk on the east side from FM 1960 to Tram Road. (Attachment N: Executive Summary of Transportation Plan.)
Functional Classification: The classification of roadways includes principal arterials, minor arterials, collectors, and local roads. The Waco Street Extension and Reconstruction will increase the functionality of the roadway, changing it from a local to a collector road. In addition, by extending the roadway, the project will increase local connectivity and provide a relief artery to SH 321.
Freight: The H-GAC 2040 Regional Transportation Plan has identified $650 million in major corridor improvements to SH 146 from Texas City to Liberty. In addition, the 2040 RTP has identified improvements to freight corridors and recommends investments of almost $600 million. In Dayton, SH 146 connects to SH 321, which will result in increased freight traffic. The Waco Street Reconstruction and Extension will serve as a relief artery to SH 321 and provide a safer route for bicyclists and walkers and an alternate route for non-motorized and local trips.
View Uploaded File: DAY-Wayco TIP Readiness Materials.zip
View Uploaded File: K_Waco Street MPK map.zip
View Uploaded File: 3_Waco St project-budget-worksheet.xlsx
View Uploaded File: Dayton Waco Street_Safety_Benefits.xlsx
View Uploaded File: Dayton Waco Street_Delay-Benefits.zip
View Uploaded File: Dayton Waco Street_Emissions_Benefits.xlsx
View Uploaded File: Dayton Waco St Supporting files.zip
View Uploaded File: Waco Synchro files.zip
Two versions of delay spreadsheets are attached, one with 2018 speeds and another with 2025 speeds.
901 - 1000
0.01 – 0.10
View Uploaded File: Dayton Waco Street_lottr-estimation.xlsx
In 2025, the level of service for the affected intersections is projected to range from A to C in the no build scenario, with the the exception of the intersection of SH 321 and: 1) FM 1960, which is projected to operate at an LOS D in AM Peak and LOS E in PM Peak. In the 2025 build scenario, the proposed project will improve the AM Peak to LOS B and PM Peak to LOS C ; and 2) Tram Road, which is projected to operated at an LOS D in AM Peak. The proposed improvements will improve the AM Peak to LOS C. (Attachment B, Waco Street Operations Analysis Report.)
Currently students walk along the shoulder of SH 321 to get to Dayton High School. The proposed project would provide an alternate route for students to access the school in a less congested roadway. Sidewalks on the school side would allow for safe access to the school and improve bike/pedestrian LOS.
The project is included in the Dayton Tomorrow 2035 Comprehensive Plan from October 2017 and the Dayton Transportation Plan, adopted by City Council on 10/15/18.
Dayton Tomorrow 2035 Comp Plan: https://www.daytontx.com/DocumentCenter/View/379/Final-Dayton-TX-Comprehensive-Plan-Future-and-Existing-City-Full-Report-condensed-size and Attachment N in the Readiness Documents is the City Council summary that shows the summary of the plan
View Uploaded File: L_Table 3, Locally Designated Truck Route.pdf
Houston-Galveston Area Council